Animals

Bird Of The Week: Coal Tit

Monday, 8 April 2019

By Kieren Puffett

Of the six tit species that breed in the UK, the great tit is the largest. It has similar plumage to a blue tit but with a distinctive black head and white cheeks. The chest is bright yellow with a black stripe running down from the throat. Males and females are similar but the stripe in males is wide and sometimes extends down to the legs.

Great tits are extremely vocal and can have around forty different calls. The most common is ‘teacher, teacher’ which many compare to a squeaky wheelbarrow. These woodland birds can be found throughout the UK, and have quickly adapted to life in our gardens.

They feed primarily on insects but will happily take sunflower seeds and others from a bird feeder. In the summer they feed their young protein-rich caterpillars which they prep by removing the guts before feeding to the chicks.

Great tits are some of the earlier nesters and will start to look for sites in February. They can easily be encouraged to nest in gardens by putting up nest boxes. You can also make your own!

Make sure that the hole is 28mm and site the box between 1m to 5m off the floor with clear flight access to the entrance. You’ll be rewarded by seeing the adults flying through the garden with various bits of nesting material to make a snug home.