Visibility mixes with vulnerability for many transgender travellers

The travel industry has embraced Pride Month, but for some transgender and non-binary people leaving home triggers anxiety.
Marchers walk with a giant rainbow flag in London. Travel can present a different set of hurdles for transgender people.
Photograph by Chris J. Ratcliffe, Getty Images
By Kam Burns
Published 30 Jun 2021, 10:25 BST

Denne Michele came out as a transgender woman to different people in her life over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. But a recent trip to Los Angeles helped her realise she was ready to come out publicly.

Michele flew from New York City to Los Angeles in May to record Food 4 Thot—a queer, brown podcast—with her cohosts who already knew her as a woman named Denne. 

“When we were in the studio, I felt like I was living my entire life for those few days as a trans woman,” Michele says. 

Being out of her everyday environment and experiencing the joy of being recognised for who she was made her realise it was time to fully come out. Now, as the world is reopening, Michele said she’s ready to be her full self wherever she goes.

She’s not the only one. Without the pressure to “perform” gender and with more time for self-reflection during the quarantine, some people confronted their gender identities when they may not have otherwise; many came out as transgender

Now, as the world reopens, many transgender people are going through life as their true selves for the first time. The hurdles they overcome while traveling are just one part of the story.  

Trav Trans GettyImages-578913216
San Francisco has long been a haven for the LGBTQ community. In 2017, the city transformed six blocks of its Tenderloin District into the Transgender Cultural District—the world’s first legally recognized transgender district.
Photograph by RICOWde, Getty Images

A time of transition 

Harper Sinclare came out as trans early in the pandemic—for the second time. She first came out four years ago, but had trouble working a public-facing customer service job in the earliest stages of her transition. 

“At the time, I had no close trans friends or role models, so I felt like it was me against the world, and the pressure was too much,” Sinclare says. 

The privacy of quarantine gave her a chance to focus on her own wants and needs, with the support of her partner and family, and without interference from the outside world. 

“The quarantine guaranteed there wasn’t a moment I felt lonely or unsupported,” Sinclare says. “Being stuck at home felt like a necessary cocoon and a blessing, but now it’s starting to give me a little cabin-fever.”

In June she flew out from Canada to San Francisco for facial feminisation surgery, but was nervous about travelling to a former COVID-19 hotspot—and also about travelling as a trans woman for the first time. 

So far, San Francisco has seemed like the right choice. Sinclare says she has yet to be misgendered on the trip. But she still has some apprehension about future travel and meeting new people as the world opens up. 

“I can no longer just accept that they will take me at face value and respect my [gender] identity, so my brain is constantly running calculations and analysing everything strangers say to me for any reason to be afraid,” Sinclare says. “It’s honestly exhausting.” 

Karen DeJarnette is familiar with that feeling. As an out trans woman and an SEO manager for a major travel agency, DeJarnette has a lot of experience travelling as a trans person and all the challenges that come with it. 

For trans people, and especially trans women, “we feel vulnerable, we feel extremely visible, and travelling to someplace new amplifies that, beyond measure.” 

A 2019 ProPublica investigation found that 5 percent of civil rights complaints filed with the United States' Transportation Security Administration (TSA) between January of 2016 and April of 2019 were from trans and gender-nonconforming individuals, even though transgender people make up less than one percent of the population. In the U.S. 2020 was the deadliest year on record for anti-trans violence, with 44 documented homicides, and 2021 is set to surpass that, with 28 documented homicides so far. Most of that violence is targeted at trans women and specifically trans women of colour.   

The Washington Post recently reported on the trauma of travel for trans people, noting that “the discrimination trans travellers have experienced at the hands of the TSA…[has] become so widespread that there is a hashtag—#TravelingWhileTrans—that travellers have used to share encounters with TSA.”

But DeJarnette says it’s important to remember that most people won’t notice or care, because they’re preoccupied with their own lives. But for trans people who have to travel for work or other reasons out of their control, she recommends travelling with someone else and being aware of the cultures and customs, especially in more conservative places

“The whole goal is to fit in, is to just be one among the crowds,” DeJarnette says. “Because that way, you’re less exposed, less vulnerable.”

Trav Trans GettyImages-1214515000
A TSA officer checks a traveler’s ID at Orlando International Airport. Airport security checkpoints can be a stressful experience for transgender travelers.
Photograph by Paul Hennessy, SOPA Images/LightRocket/Getty Images

Advice for trans travellers

Michele is excited to start travelling to queer vacation spots like Palm Springs, California or Fire Island, New York—but this time as her full self. “Being in that kind of environment again, but just fully leaning into all of my femininity is really exciting to me,” Michele says.  

Prior to the pandemic and her coming out she presented as feminine and wore women’s clothes. Because she has not yet been able to start hormone replacement therapy, most of her transition so far has been social. Michele has already had to face some of the challenges that come with moving through the world as a trans person, like being misgendered—an experience that can trigger a sense of dysphoria. 

Gender dysphoria can take many forms—social, mental, and physical to name a few—and while all can create a feeling of intense discomfort or distress, social dysphoria was largely avoidable while the country was in lockdown. As those return to work and their social lives, it presents new challenges for people early in their transitions.

Trav Trans W6F1D8
Picking LGBTQ-friendly neighborhoods to visit, such as Christopher Street in New York’s Greenwich Village, can take some of the risk out of travel for the LGBTQ community.
Photograph by Michael Brooks, Alamy Stock Photo

When travelling for leisure, DeJarnette recommends doing research before going somewhere new, as there are plenty of LGBTQ friendly countries, cities, and neighbourhoods. San Francisco even designated southeastern Tenderloin as a transgender cultural district in 2017. 

The Human Rights Campaign state equality index provides helpful context for travelers in the U.S. and the app GeoSure provides LGBTQ safety ratings for more than 30,000 neighbourhoods globally. 

“Stay in a place that welcomes you,” DeJarnette says. “There are cities and locations and neighbourhoods that will be happy to have your business.” 

Air travel can be especially challenging. The National Centre for Transgender Equality’s guide to airport security has tips on how to talk to TSA, what to do if your ID doesn’t match your gender presentation, and how to file a complaint if there’s an issue, among other things. DeJarnette also recommends traveling with a friend or other trusted person whenever possible to have an advocate and to alleviate some of the anxiety that comes with travelling while trans.

Kam Burns is an engagement editor at Politico with a focus on new and emerging platforms. His writing centers on mental health, LGBTQ issues, and pop culture. Kam is a founding member of the Trans Journalists Association and co-author of the TJA Style Guide.


Explore Nat Geo

  • Animals
  • Environment
  • History & Culture
  • Science
  • Travel
  • Photography
  • Space
  • Adventure
  • Video

About us


  • Magazines
  • Disney+

Follow us

Copyright © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society. Copyright © 2015-2023 National Geographic Partners, LLC. All rights reserved