A super-long blood moon is coming. Here's how to see it.

An extra large full moon will turn deep blood red for nearly an hour and a half on May 15 and 16.

By Andrew Fazekas
Published 11 May 2022, 15:02 BST
A supermoon rises behind Glastonbury Tor on September 27, 2015, in Glastonbury, England, shortly before the moon became fully eclipsed.
Photograph by Matt Cardy, Getty Images

Sky-watchers across parts of Europe, Africa and the Americas will have front-row seats to a nighttime spectacle on May 15 and 16: a long-lasting total lunar eclipse.

The large full moon will be totally eclipsed by Earth, bathing the lunar surface in shades of deep red. This phenomenon is why total lunar eclipses are commonly called blood moons, and this particular eclipse will be one of the longest of the decade.

This eclipse will also appear a little grander than usual. The moon will be near its perigee, or closest point to Earth, making it seem a bit larger in the sky, a phenomenon known as a supermoon. During the eclipse, the moon will be 225,015 miles from Earth.

Additionally, the May full moon is sometimes known as a flower moon in the Northern Hemisphere, a tribute to the colourful blooms that appear in early spring. So the May 15 eclipse may be called a super flower blood moon.

The moon enters and emerges from Earth's shadow during a total lunar eclipse on February 20, 2008. This composite photograph, taken from Titusville, Florida, shows different phases of the eclipse.
Photograph by Stan Honda, AFP via Getty Images

The important thing, though, is that Earth’s shadow will bathe the moon in a deep red—one of the most eye-catching sights of the night sky—for nearly an hour and a half.

The catch is, for U.K. viewers, it's a night-owl only event: The total phase of the eclipse, when the moon is at its deepest red, will begin at 4:29 a.m. to 5:06 a.m. BST on May 16. The entire phase of totality will be visible in all of South America and across most of North America, as well as in parts of Africa and Europe. 

What happens during a lunar eclipse?

Lunar eclipses occur when the sun, Earth, and moon line up properly for the moon to pass into Earth’s shadow. This doesn't happen every time the moon makes its monthly trek around our planet because the moon's orbit is tilted. But roughly three times a year, the moon passes through at least part of Earth’s shadow.

Lunar eclipses happen only during a full moon, and about 29 percent are total lunar eclipses, when the entire moon passes through the dark central cone of Earth’s shadow, known as the umbra.

The ruddy coloration of the fully eclipsed lunar disc occurs because sunlight hitting the moon gets filtered through Earth’s atmosphere, scattering the blue light and letting the red pass through. It’s the same reason we see the normally yellow sun turn red during sunsets.

How to see the blood red moon

Unlike a solar eclipse, which requires special equipment to observe safely, you can watch a lunar eclipse with unaided eyes. A pair of binoculars allows you to see an impressive amount of detail on the moon, but you can watch a lunar eclipse without any gear from anywhere you could see the full moon.

The moon will dim to a dull charcoal colour before it turns blood red, and the colour can vary significantly from one eclipse to the next depending on the particles in our planet’s atmosphere. Clouds of ash thrown into the stratosphere by a recent volcanic eruption in the Kingdom of Tonga in the southern Pacific Ocean, for example, may turn the moon's face an even deeper shade of red than a typical lunar eclipse.

This sky chart shows the moon in the sky during totality on May 15 and 16, 2022, with surrounding constellations and stars labeled.
Photograph by Andrew Fazekas

At least part of totality will also be visible from most of Africa and Western Europe, while some parts of West Asia will be able to see partial phases of the eclipse.

Keen-eyed observers may notice that, during totality, the sky surrounding the moon will appear much darker, revealing nearby bright stars. The orange-colored star Antares, for instance, which will be visible to the bottom left of the moon. Sky-watchers away from light pollution may even be able to spot the glow of the Milky Way during the eclipse.

Chasing eclipses
The Mount Idaho air force aim to intercept an eclipse – and stay in the moon’s shadow for 3 minutes. Footage from the show "One Strange Rock".

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