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The train to Machu Picchu

Banish all notions of the famed Inca city from the back of cereal boxes, nothing prepares you for the first glimpse of this dramatic New Wonder of the World

By Pat Riddell
Published 12 Jun 2018, 16:00 BST, Updated 14 Jul 2021, 14:53 BST
Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu

Photograph by Getty Images

The 11.15 Inca Rail train rumbles towards Machu Picchu from Ollantaytambo, a quaint town that's overlooked by an Inca fortress at the western end of the Sacred Valley. The railway follows the Urubamba River down the valley with vast mountains rising on both sides and a variety of colours splashed across the landscape.

The train — now with stunning 360-viewing carriages since March — might be considered cheating by some, but it's an extremely civilised way to see Machu Picchu in a day. A pisco sour on boarding and a three-course lunch with wine is setting me up nicely to view the scenery.

Early on, there are still signs of life visible from the train — villages, electricity cables, farming. But suddenly everything feels very remote; the lush green vegetation remains, but there are no villages or buildings, just the odd Inca Trail sign to indicate our whereabouts. And then, as we turn a bend in the valley, Inca terraces emerge on the slope while the white waters of the river rush past.

As we drop to around 6,700ft, from 9,160ft in Ollantaytambo, we arrive into Machu Picchu Pueblo (formerly known as Aguas Calientes) station just 90 minutes later. I hadn't actually thought the train would take us all the way, but this small town in the valley happens to be the gateway for the ruins.

Here we join the non-stop procession of minibuses, making the 40-minute journey up and down the winding road to Machu Picchu all day long. The anticipation on the bus, zig-zagging up the mountain, is palpable. When will we see it? How will it reveal itself? There's a sneaky glimpse that disappears around a bend. The drama of the tree-covered mountain on all sides is immense.

"Follow me. Walk quickly! Don't stop to look…

I know the best spot." Reluctantly I obey my guide, Wilfredo, and ignore the first opportunity to see Machu Picchu. Striding past a tour group, we reach a vantage point where suddenly it's there — right in front of us.

From a vantage point of 8,000ft above sea level, the valley on both sides of the mountain opens up to us — and in this remote, tranquil part of the Andes we're staring at one of the New Wonders of the World. The grass is greener than I imagined, the ruins more dramatic than I ever thought they could be and the panoramic views demonstrate the immediate difficulties in constructing such a place.

The Lost City of the Incas, 'discovered' by American explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911, raises many questions — Who lived there? How did they build it? Why was it abandoned? Our guide has many answers. First up, he asserts that Machu Picchu "was never really lost at all". Locals had long known of its existence. Neither was Bingham the first Westerner to find his way here; others were here in the late 19th century, although most ignored it on their quest for gold. Bingham was the first with any scientific interest.

We make our way down the steps to the vast complex, its sides dropping steeply to the valley below. It's surrounded by Andean peaks and little else for miles. Built as a royal estate around 1450 by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth ruler of the Inca, Machu Picchu was only inhabited for around a century. The arrival in 1532 of the Spanish conquistadors, who never found Machu Picchu given its remote location, coincided with the decline of the Inca Empire by 1572, and the abandonment of the citadel.

As we make our way around the site, Wilfredo shows us black-and-white photos from Bingham's early explorations. What's revealing is how well preserved the ruins are — Bingham's pictures show very little has been restored; cut-back overgrowth is the only real difference. And UNESCO recognition in 1983 has meant no actual restoration has taken place in over 30 years.

The tour reveals a whole city — palaces, houses, temples, ceramic 'factories', storerooms — with over 200 structures split into a lower and upper part, separating farming from residential areas with a large square between the two. The site itself is a staggering feat of engineering — the irrigation is typical of how the Incas mastered the land to suit their agricultural needs. I take in polished dry-stone walls, interlinking blocks of perfectly chiselled granite… the geometry and precision is astounding up close — and all the more impressive given that stone hammers were one of the few tools available.

The importance of astronomy, meanwhile, is evident at the main sights, where the sun and stars interact with the buildings. The Temple of the Sun, for example, has a window that catches the sun on the winter solstice every year, while Intimachay, 'cave of the sun', has a Raiders of the Lost Ark-esque light show as the sun shines through a window the 10 days before and after the summer solstice.

Outside of the peak season of July and August, in early October, there are times when it feels like we have the place entirely to ourselves — apart from the llamas that amble carefree around the site, of course. There are, in fact, thousands of people visiting every day — in strict morning and afternoon timings. But I forget about the crowds during those moments when I want to pinch myself after spending 30 years waiting to recreate the picture I saw on a cereal box as a child.


Top 3: Ancient settlements in Peru


Built in the sixth century, these pre-Inca ruins picked up the best Overseas Attraction at the 2017 National Geographic Traveller Reader Awards. The walled settlement in northern Peru can now be accessed by a £15m cable car in 20 minutes — a huge time-saver from what used to be a 90-minute car journey. It was lost in the cloud forest until its rediscovery in 1843.

There are no trains or buses, hiking takes days, yet the fame of Machu Picchu's 'sister city' belies its 5,500 annual visitors. But new plans could see its popularity boost further in coming years, connected by a 15-minute cable car ride from the town of Kuñalla. Located just 40 miles from its more famous neighbour, Choquequirao was built between the 15th and 16th centuries.

Sacred Valley
Urubamba Valley, the Sacred Valley of the Incas, covers a distance of around 40 miles from Pisac to Ollantaytambo, and was the most important area for agriculture in the heartland of the Inca Empire. Spend a few days at the Sol y Luna hotel and explore the pre-Colombian ruins, Spanish colonial churches and a thriving Quechua culture. 

More information 

How to do it:
Journey Latin America offers a nine-day trip to Peru visiting Cusco, the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu from £2,645 per person. The price includes flights, private transfers, private excursions, breakfast and first-class accommodation throughout including hotel Sol y Luna in the Sacred Valley. 

Follow @patriddell

Published in the Trips of a Lifetime guide, distributed with the Jul/Aug 2018 issue of National Geographic Traveller (UK)

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