Ukraine’s ballet dancers are a ‘voice of resistance’ amid a greater struggle

“Culture is a dedicated target in the Russian war strategy.” But these ballet dancers—displaced in France—will keep performing.

photographs by Monique Jaques
Published 18 Mar 2022, 10:46 GMT
Members of the Kiev City Ballet company perform the “Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy” during ...
Members of the Kiev City Ballet company perform the “Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy” during a performance on March 13. The dancers are among other displaced artists following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The conflict also has been destructive for the country’s cultural heritage.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

The art of ballet comes from concentration, discipline, and consistency: the same movements, repeated at the bar and across the floor; a language of pliés, relevés, jetés that has remained stable for hundreds of years.

But the rehearsal of the Kiev City Ballet on March 16 was unusual in almost every way. The dancers practiced in a small room crowded with reporters taking photos and videos. There was too little space at the bar for all the dancers, so some used chairs or the side of a piano as they did their exercises. As they leaped across the floor in small groups, one dancer’s stride was too wide for the room, and he bounced out the door. Another fell awkwardly on his feet; he seemed to have hurt his ankle.

Ekaterina Kozlova, who runs the company with her husband Ivan Kozlov, alternated between supervising her charges and watching the journalists, some of whom had been upsetting the dancers with their questions.

Julia Kuzmich and Vladislav Evtushenko, a soloist for the Kiev City Ballet company, rehearses with other dancers in before what should have been one of their final performances in France. They were supposed to go back to Ukraine but war displaced them and other artists. Starting next week, the company will begin touring around France again.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic
Dancers with the Kiev City Ballet are directed by Ekaterina Kozlova during a recent rehearsal in Nantes, France.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

“We try to be especially gentle with the dancers right now because everyone is so stressed, everyone is under so much pressure,” Kozlova says. “It's calls from home, the constant news stream. Because of technology, we are in so much more contact. Our dancers know minute-by-minute what's going on. They are always on their phones trying to keep themselves updated. And I think a lot of people are exhausted.”

The troupe, which is based in Ukraine’s capital city, Kyiv, left for France on February 23 for a planned two-week tour performing a child’s version of The Nutcracker. On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin launched the invasion of their country. The conflict has now killed thousands and displaced nearly three million people. The ballet dancers are currently living in Paris at the city’s Théâtre du Châtelet for a period whose end seems further and further away.

Ballet dancers warm up before a performance of “The Nutcracker.” The Kiev City Ballet company was originally in France to perform a child’s version of “The Nutcracker.” But the war has changed their performances, down to the most basic logistics.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic
Miroslav Chernous warms up his feet while Julia Kuzmich stretches during the final minutes before the start of the show.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic
Julia Kuzmich, a soloist who plays Clara in “The Nutcracker,” took on the role after principal dancers were unable to make the performance after the airport in Kyiv, Ukraine was closed during the invasion.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

“We were totally unprepared for this,” says Kozlova. The company brought only enough costumes for the shows it was originally scheduled to perform. Beyond that, says Kozlova, “We didn't bring anything. We don't have music, videos, documents—everything we have is left in Kyiv... We basically just psychologically said goodbye to everything that we have.”

Attack against cultural heritage

Russian aggression in Ukraine has been particularly destructive for the country's cultural heritage.

Ballet dancers Aelita Shevchuk, left, and Diana Potapenko wait for their turn to take the stage during a performance in Nantes, France.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

“Culture is a dedicated target in the Russian war strategy,” says Sebastian Majstorovic, who with two colleagues runs Saving Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Online (SUCHO), a group of some 1,200 cultural heritage professionals who are seeking to safeguard digital archives and data from Ukrainian institutions. “If you erase everything that supposedly makes [Ukraine] unique,” he says, “then you really fulfill the mission that Putin has laid out.”

Since 2014, when Russia occupied and annexed Crimea, “Russian officials have removed artefacts, demolished grave sites, and shuttered churches in the Donbas and Crimea,” the U.S. State Department said in a statement. The current war has already destroyed or damaged a number of monuments, including the Ivankiv Historical and Local History Museum, and damaged the historic Svyatohirsk monastery. “This is irreplaceable cultural heritage and represents a profound loss to us all.”

Anna Hrechykha poses for a portrait in the Théâtre du Châtelet. Hrechykha, who has been dancing for 12 years, is from Mariupol, Ukraine and has not been able to get in touch with her family for two weeks.
Ksenia Lytvynenko, 19, lived in Kyrgyzstan and then moved to Ukraine to study dance. Following the invasion, she arrived in Paris through Poland to join the company.
Mikola Varvaliyk from Kyiv, Ukraine poses for a portrait. He has been dancing since he was 4 years old.

Most of the 38 Kiev City Ballet dancers in Paris are between 18 and 22 years old. Trained in large part at the same school, many have known each other most of their lives. As they rehearse, they shift between speaking Ukrainian and Russian. They also often speak English, or use French for specific ballet vocabulary. They represent only part of the troupe of about 70. Several other dancers are currently in the Czech Republic.

Ksenia Lytvynenko, 19, had arrived in Paris only two days ago. Her mother and brother are still in Poland. She doesn’t usually tour with the ballet company, but she asked if she could join the group, which includes four of her former classmates from Kyiv. Through ballet, she says, “I can express myself, and I can express to people what's going on right now in my country.”

Kristina Bakliak, a soloist, prepares for a performance.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic
Members of the Kiev City Ballet rest between warm ups while others wait to go on stage for rehearsals.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic
Ivan Koslov, who runs the Kiev City Ballet company with his wife, instructs dancers from the seats at a theater in Nantes, France. The Kiev City Ballet is not the only group of Ukrainian artists displaced by the war.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

The dancers are trying to continue to work and perform as best they can. One says that the conflict is always on his mind. Another had not heard from her parents in Mariupol for two weeks. “It's very difficult logistically for us to cope with all of this,” says Kozlova. But, she notes, “we're so fortunate to have so much support.”

Parisian officials hope to provide not only housing but also a place for the dancers to work. They’ll soon start taking classes at the Paris Opera, and they often attend performances in the evening. The company has received donations of tights and leotards, and starting next week the dancers will resume touring around France.

Olga Posternak speaks with Mykhaylo Shcherbakov before a performance of “The Nutcracker.”
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

The Kiev City Ballet is not the only group of Ukrainian artists displaced in Paris. The Monfort Theatre in Paris’s southern 15th arrondissement, or district, is expecting about 15 performers, some with their families. Other theaters are preparing to welcome Ukrainian artists, according to Carine Rolland, who as deputy mayor in charge of culture has been coordinating with theatres across the city. She doesn’t yet know how many people are expected to arrive, but she’s committed to finding spaces for them to live and work.

“Culture must be supported in these moments of great hardship, and artists from oppressed countries as well, in particular Ukraine, because they are the voice of resistance,” she says. “Those who can speak must do so wherever they are.”

Lada Romanova during the “Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy” performance in France.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic
Taras Titarenko leaps for his curtain call at the end of “The Nutcracker” performance.
Photograph by Monique Jaques, National Geographic

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