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In the 1950s Yale University acquired the Vinland Map, which depicts areas of North America described by the Norse sagas. The map was believed to be the earliest depiction of the continent and originally dated to the 1400s, but some scholars were skeptical of its authenticity. After decades of careful examination, it was declared a fake in 2021, when studies revealed the presence of a 20th-century, titanium-based ink in the map’s graphics and texts.


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