See National Geographic's best photographs of 2019

These are our 100 best images of the year– curated from 106 photographers, 121 stories, and more than two million photographs.

By Eve Conant
Published 2 Dec 2019, 12:49 GMT
Wolves pick at the remains of a muskox. To get this image, photographer Ronan Donovan placed ...
Wolves pick at the remains of a muskox. To get this image, photographer Ronan Donovan placed a camera trap inside the carcass. The pack returned to feed on and off for a month.
Photograph by Ronan Donovan

“He put a camera in a carcass and waited for the wolves to come.”

That, says Whitney Johnson, director of visuals and immersive experiences, is the kind of effort that makes for a standout National Geographic photo.

How does she choose 100 photos from 106 photographers, 121 stories, and more than two million images taken over the course of a year?

“I count on my great photo editors,” says Johnson.

One of her favorite images is the lead photo of the “Mona Lisa” because it reflects what Johnson calls “the magic of what makes photography hard—showing something familiar in a new way.” It also speaks to what happens behind the scenes—the photo editor getting access while the museum was closed—and behind the lens, that charmed combination of luck, accident, and a “photographer really seeing the moment.”

There are many such moments here, from military exercises in a warming Arctic and Rwandan schoolgirls flexing their muscles to Alex Honnold climbing El Capitan’s sheer face without ropes. Johnson calls that particular photo run “a whole stretch of strength across space and time.”

With California’s Yosemite Valley far beneath him, Alex Honnold free solos— which means climbing without ropes or safety gear—up a crack on the 3,000-foot southwest face of El Capitan. Before he accomplished the feat on June 3, 2017, Honnold spent nearly a decade thinking about the climb and more than a year and a half planning and training for it.
Photograph by Jimmy Chin

Time is reflected in other ways too. There’s the frozen body of Susan Potter, a woman determined to donate her body to medical education, a story carefully shepherded for 17 years by photo editor Kurt Mutchler. And there’s the heartbreaking photo of Sudan, the last male northern white rhinoceros, as he lay dying.

But there is also so much joy: captive songbirds released to the sky and Japan’s obsession with all things kawaii (cute and cuddly). And so much strangeness: See “hot dog man.”

The image that speaks most to me is that of an orphaned young giraffe, its long neck draped over its human caregiver in what looks to be a loving hug. The giraffe now runs free with a wild herd. When exploring these pictures, we all might hear from our own internal photo editor, the voice inside us that tells us to pause, asking us to take a closer look.

An orphaned giraffe nuzzles a caregiver at Sarara Camp in northern Kenya. Samburu cattle herders found the abandoned calf and alerted Sarara—known for raising orphaned mammals and returning them to their habitat. The young giraffe now lives with a wild herd.
Photograph by Ami Vitale
Petronella Chigumbura, a member of the Akashinga—a nonprofit, all-female anti-poaching unit—practices reconnaissance techniques in the Zimbabwean bush.
Photograph by Brent Stirton
A male elephant grabs an evening snack in Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park. Most of the park’s elephants were killed for their ivory, used to buy weapons during the nation’s 15-year civil war, which ended in 1992. With poaching controlled, the population is recovering.
Issa Diakite, 50, built both his barbell and his home, one of dozens of chabolas clustered near an Andalusian agricultural region. Originally from Mali, he settled in as a regular field-worker and now helps others construct solid shacks. He’s turned one into a gathering center, with sofas and tables, where friends watch soccer on a solar-powered TV. His preferred team these days: Real Madrid.
Cynthia Ikirezi (centre) beams with her fellow prefects, student leaders, at Gashora Girls Academy in Rwanda. Educating girls and preparing them for leadership roles are government priorities to empower women.
Photographs by Yagazie Emezi
Marines have to be able to carry one another if necessary. USMC Cpl. Gabrielle Green hefts a fellow marine as they ready for deployment on a Navy ship at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Of the 38,000 recruits who enter the corps each year, about 3,500 are women—or, in USMC phrasing, “female marines.”
Photograph by Lynsey Addario
Encased in polyvinyl alcohol, Susan Potter’s body awaits freezing.
Photograph by Lynn Johnson
Canadian soldiers climb on the wreckage of a plane, roughly a thousand miles south of the North Pole, to scout the area during an Arctic survival course on Cornwallis Island. As the Arctic warms and tensions over its future rise, the Canadian and U.S. militaries have stepped up operations in the region.
Photograph by Louie Palu
Some 400 U.S. soldiers practice parachute jumps near Alaska’s Fort Greely. The multinational exercise, which includes Canadian forces, prepares troops for the rigors of large, coordinated operations in extreme cold conditions.
Canadian soldiers build an igloo during the high Arctic phase of their training to become Arctic operations advisors. In this part of the program, they learn to travel, survive, and build shelters when they reach the high Arctic.
Buyers choose animals at the livestock market and send them to this slaughterhouse in Agadez, Niger, where camels, goats, sheep, and other animals are killed and then sent to butchers who sell the meat.
Photograph by Pascal Maitre
In Agadez, Niger, an Izala school educates about 1,300 students. Izala is a back-to-basics Islamic reformist movement that adheres to conservative practices, such as women covering their faces, but also prizes education.
Photograph by Pascal Maitre
A teenager is dusted with sand from toiling in a mine. He is one of many Nigeriens who joined the rush for gold in the north, the last hope for jobless men after tourism plunged, uranium mining declined, and a law made transporting migrants a crime.
Photograph by Pascal Maitre
Stuck in the desert after their truck broke down, these migrants burn a tire to keep warm.
Photograph by Pascal Maitre
Kurdish fighters surround a surrendering woman as ISIS abandons the town of Baghouz, Syria in March. Women who joined or were forced into ISIS need guidance away from an oppressive version of Islam, a Kurdish female fighter says. “They understand the religion in the wrong way.”
Photograph by Lynsey Addario
Knight Mai (left) and Florence Stima (right), who are South Sudanese, work at a salon in Uganda's Bidibidi refugee camp. Each makes less than five dollars a week. Small businesses have filled out market areas, but few private companies have tapped into the labour potential of the camp.
Photograph by Nora Lorek
Eighteen-year-old Beatriz combs her son's hair after giving him a bath. Beatriz learned how to keep beehives from her grandfather, Anastacio Balan Osalde, who passed away two days earlier.
Feeling dizzy and weak six months after giving birth, Zamzam Yousuf, 35, came into a clinic in the village of Habasweyn run by the Edna Adan University Hospital. Her blood pressure was extremely high. Yousuf was treated by student midwife Farduus Mubarak, 22, under the watchful eye of the hospital’s founder, Edna Adan Ismail, 81.
Photograph by Lynsey Addario
Aisha Barka and her daughter, Mariam, hadn’t eaten in days when they arrived in an Eritrean refugee camp in 2008, driven from their home by drought, which killed all their animals. After the Eritrean military began abducting young men, people fled for safety across the border into Ethiopia.
Photograph by John Stanmeyer
An air purifier stands watch over napping children at a kindergarten in the Bayanzurkh District. Young children are especially vulnerable to air pollution; the school has a purifier in every room.
Pedestrians, shoppers, and people-watchers stroll on Chuo-dori in Ginza, one of Tokyo’s busiest destinations. Cars travel on the street during weekdays, but on weekend afternoons a one-mile strip is closed to traffic and becomes a promenade. Cafés, high-end boutiques, and street performers attract local residents and visitors.
Photograph by David Guttenfelder
Young men from Niger and elsewhere wait in a migrant “ghetto” in Agadez, Niger, for a caravan to Libya. With low life expectancy, limited educational opportunities, and a high poverty rate, Niger ranks at the bottom of the UN’s Human Development Index.
Photograph by Pascal Maitre
Sal Thegal gets into the spirit of the Minnesota State Fair, where new foods such as cheesy Sriracha funnel cake bites debut next to classic fair food such as hot dogs.
Photograph by Ackerman + Gruber

Jorge Castellon, an employee at the Saguaro Hotel in Palm Springs, California, displays the fans he uses as a professional dancer and dance instructor living in the desert. “Palm Springs is like a paradise—it’s heaven on earth,” says Castellon.

Photograph by Jennifer Emerling, National Geographic
Patricia Frazier carries the flag of Benin, the modern nation once ruled by the kingdom of Dahomey, who sold more than a hundred captives to the captain of the Clotilda. "If they find that ship, I think it will make people more aware of our history," says Frazier. "Sometimes you need something tangible to spur those memories."
"In life things tend to show you not your wants but your needs. And, transitioning into Malaysia...has opened up a world of acceptance for me. Because now I am comfortable, and I've never been this comfortable in my life."
Photograph by Robin Hammond
Joseph Wachira, a keeper at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya, says goodbye to Sudan, the last male northern white rhinoceros. Sudan died in 2018. Two females of the subspecies remain.
Photograph by Ami Vitale
A hunter from a village in Indonesia says he delivers pangolins to the city of Surabaya on a weekly basis. Pangolins are protected by national laws in the countries where they’re found, and international commercial trade in them is banned. Even so, poaching and trafficking are major threats to pangolins’ survival.
Photograph by Brent Stirton
A Temminck’s ground pangolin named Tamuda searches for a meal of ants or termites at a rehabilitation center in Zimbabwe. He was rescued from illegal wildlife traders, who likely would have smuggled his scales to Asia for use in traditional remedies.
Photograph by Brent Stirton
Late in the dry season, a remnant pool in the Mussicadzi River channel attracts a mob of hungry birds, including storks, egrets, and hammerkops, along with a couple of thirsty waterbuck. Gorongosa’s avian richness swells further in the wet season, when nomads arrive to feed.
“You can just see nature breathing a sigh of relief.” In Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park, wildlife’s future depends on humans’ livelihoods.
Once or twice a month during Costa Rica’s rainy season, female olive ridley sea turtles come ashore by the tens of thousands and lay eggs in a mass nesting event known as an arribada. Hatchlings begin emerging about 45 days later.
Photograph by Thomas P Peschak
Wolves pick at the remains of a muskox. To get this image, photographer Ronan Donovan placed a camera trap inside the carcass. The pack returned to feed on and off for a month.
Photograph by Ronan Donovan
All clear? A rat peeks out from a stormwater catch basin.
Two rats at Karni Mata Temple box to determine which is dominant. Rats are social animals that take good care of their offspring. Studies show they will free a fellow rat from a small cage—even if it means giving up a treat. This suggests to some researchers that rats feel empathy.
Behind netting, a polar bear dances at the Circus on Ice in Kazan, Russia. Performing polar bears are extremely rare. The show’s four bears wear metal muzzles, and their trainer, Yulia Denisenko, carries a metal rod. Between tricks, the bears lie down and rub themselves on the ice.
Thousands of migratory songbirds are caught in Florida each year to supply a thriving illegal market. It can sometimes takes weeks of rehabilitation to strengthen the wings of confiscated songbirds so they can fly again. Here, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Lt. Antonio Dominguez releases rose-breasted grosbeaks back into the wild.
Others at Gotera who have renounced their gang ties pray together. Prison-based evangelical churches in El Salvador are growing.
Thousands of migratory songbirds are caught around Florida each year to supply a thriving illegal market. Before seized birds are released back into the wild by law enforcement, they are put in an aviary for several weeks where they learn how to fly again as well as how to “find” new food.
Photograph by Karine Aigner
Clay, Daniel, and Enzo, three of 39 tigers rescued from an animal park in Oklahoma, gather at a pool at the Wild Animal Sanctuary in Keenesburg, Colorado. These cats will live out their lives here, with proper nutrition and vet care.
Photograph by Steve Winter
Nine of 24 lions are darted and flown from Tembe and Mkuze game reserves in Kwazulu Natal, South Africa, to Mozambique in June 2018. The wild lions will be released into the Zambeze Delta there. The move is the largest conservation transport of wild lions across an international boundary in history. A hundred years ago, there were over 200,000 wild lions living in Africa.
Photograph by Ami Vitale
After years of civil war in Mozambique, lions were all but lost in the Zambezi Delta region. The introduction of 24 lions from South Africa in 2018 could grow the population to as many as 500 within 15 years. Already, six cubs have been born since the lions’ release.
The Deser-est Motel sits on the roadside in Ely, Nevada.
Hunters in northwestern Colombia use masks made of broad, sturdy leaves as camouflage so they can sneak up on turtles and other game animals such as wading and migratory birds. Hunting is still a vital activity for subsistence farmers in the region.
Photograph by Gena Steffens
Wearing a parka sewn by her mother, Ashley Hughes spent her 10th birthday camping with friends and family at Ikpikittuarjuk Bay. Hughes took part in the Inuit community’s annual ice fishing competition for arctic char.
A geisha is visualised in a photoboard on a drugstore window in Tokyo.
Photograph by David Guttenfelder
Japan’s obsession with all things kawaii (which can mean “cute,” “cuddly,” or “lovable”) is on display at Ueno Park as owners line up their pets for a portrait shoot. The kawaii aesthetic of cute culture has been one of Japan’s most successful exports, driving pop culture trends in fashion, technology, video games, and cartoons.
Photograph by David Guttenfelder
Undeterred by harsh weather, climbers continue upward as others begin their descent.
At 34 weeks pregnant, Brittany Capers, 28, and DeAndre Price, 25, enjoy their baby shower in Washington, D.C. Capers is a perinatal community health worker at Mamatoto Village, a center that supports families during pregnancy and the first six months of a baby’s life. She safely delivered a baby boy last June.
Photograph by Lynsey Addario
The blue glove hasn’t been in the water long enough to suffer the fate of most ocean plastic, which is to be shredded into small bits, or microplastics, by waves and sunlight. The larval fish below the thumb is a driftfish; the striped one at the base of the index finger is a mahi-mahi.
Photograph by David Liittschwager
On an assignment about stem cells that forced him to reconsider his life choices, Max Aguilera-Hellweg shot this photo of pathological specimens in Berlin.
Photograph by Max Aguillera-Hellweg
Andres Pedro Osmolski, who goes by “El Gaucho,” organises beaver spotting tours on the land behind his home. He negotiated an agreement with the government to spare the beavers on his property for now so he can continue showing them to tourists.
A headdress of macaw feathers adorns the skull of a sacrificed child who had shoulder-length hair. Researchers say the headdress indicates the youth may have been from an elite family.
Photograph by Rebecca Hale, Ngm Staff
Part of a sculpture by Calder, perhaps? No. This is the bright red stigma of the saffron flower, Crocus sativus. It takes roughly 170,000 flowers and their stigmas to produce one kilogram of saffron. As a result, it is one of the most expensive spices in the world.
Incahuasi, “House of the Inca” in Quechua, was an island when the Salar was a lake in prehistoric times. A remnant of a volcano, it’s covered in cacti, some towering 40 feet, and fossilized algae. Extracting lithium from under the salt flat is certain to alter the spectacular landscape.
While the indigenous Aymara population harvests and sells salt crusted on the surface of the Salar de Uyuni salt flat, the much more lucrative lithium is dissolved in brine found deep underground.
Photograph by Cédric Gerbehaye
The village of Newtok, Alaska, population 380, is sinking as the permafrost beneath it thaws. On a summer bird hunt, four Yupik boys—from left, Kenyon Kassaiuli, Jonah Andy, Larry Charles, and Reese John—cross a flooded walkway.
Photograph by Katie Orlinsky
A polar bear inspects a car near Kaktovik, Alaska. Melting sea ice is driving more bears onto land in search of food—just as thawing and flooding ice cellars are forcing more Alaskans to store fish and meat outside.
Photograph by Katie Orlinsky
When sea ice ages, the salt sinks into the ocean, leaving fresh, drinkable water on top. Charlotte Naqitaqvik collects a teapot of water at her family’s hunting camp in Nuvukutaak, near the community of Arctic Bay in northern Canada.
Josiah Olemaun, a young Inupiat whaler in Utqiaġvik (Barrow), Alaska, takes a breather while stacking whale meat in his family’s permafrost cellar.
Photograph by Katie Orlinsky
After making his way in 2016 from Senegal to the agricultural belt of southern Spain, Mbaye Tune settled into regular seasonal work on tangerine and other fruit farms. Now 25, he’s landed legal residency and a rented apartment he shares with other Senegalese.
Photograph by Aitor Lara
Angelo Martín Flores Chambi takes a break for a snack in his family’s Chevy pickup while his parents, brothers, and sisters extract salt from the Salar. Children attend school during the week but help their parents on weekends.
Ana Ham cleans a pig's head at the Temporal Mennonite Camp in Mexico. The family gives the head and the interior parts of the pig to their Mexican employees as they do not eat those parts. The Mennonites believe that when pigs are slaughtered during the small moon, the meat is dryer and therefore easier to handle when butchering.
Photograph by Nadia Shira Cohen
Maya beekeepers in the Mexican state of Campeche say their bees are dying and honey harvests have declined since the expanding Old Colony Mennonite communities started planting genetically modified soy. Mennonites, who are the state's main soy producers, arrived in the late 1980s in search of farmland.
A 10-year-old Mennonite boy named Peter rides in his father's truck with last fall's soy harvest. He's heading to the Nuevo Durango colony's silo, where the soy will be weighed and deposited. The colony recently bought enough land to expand by 50 percent—allowing the next generation to build their homes and farms.
Wilmer Flores, his face shielded to protect against sunburn, collects salt, as do many Aymara and Quechua who live near the Salar.
Derek Patton and Spencer Robertson pause after knocking down Fire 323, ignited by a lightning strike near Bettles, Alaska. About 10 out of more than a hundred applicants are selected for Alaska smokejumper training each year. Candidates must already have wildland firefighting experience.
Photograph by Mark Thiessen
Matt Oakleaf, camera mounted on his gear bag, drops behind the rest of his team to a landing site near smoldering boreal forest. Jumpers can put on 100 pounds of gear and get on a plane in minutes. Their mission: extinguish fires before they rage out of control.
Photograph by Mark Thiessen
At dusk, a swarm of bats disperses to hunt in the rainforest surrounding Deer Cave. One of the planet’s largest underground passages, it holds more than two million bats.
Photograph by Carsten Peter
Thick stands of stalagmites rise from moon-pale banks of sediment in the Drunken Forest—a cave named for formations that tilt at unusual angles.
Photograph by Panorama Composed Of Four Images
Deer Cave is home to several species of bats, which usually fly out in the evenings to hunt.
Photograph by Carsten Peter
A World Health Organisation team checks the temperature of Confirme Masika Mughanyira, 7, in Vayana town, a small village two-hours from Butembo in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Confirme lost both her parents, her older brother and younger sister to Ebola. As the only survivor in her family she is now being taken care of by relatives.
Photograph by Nichole Sobecki
Kavugho Mukoni Romelie, 16, is treated for Ebola at the Alliance for International Medical Action centre in Beni.
Friends and family of police officer Tabu Amuli Emmanuel grieve during his burial in Kitatumba Cemetery in Butembo.
A woman washes her hands with a chlorine solution upon leaving the hospital in Kyondo, DRC. The World Health Organisation has set up several Ebola response camps in areas like Kyondo, outside the major cities, where small clusters of Ebola patients have been found.
Fourteen year-old Danila holds a baby alpaca near Huaylillas in the highlands of northern Peru. Skeletal analysis of the sacrificed children reveals that they were between the ages of five and 14 and came from throughout the Chimú Empire, including the highlands.
Photograph by Robert Clark
Salvadoran fisherman Arnovis Guidos Portillo watches his daughter and son in their home in Usulután department. After reaching the U.S. together in May 2018, father and daughter were detained by immigration authorities and kept in different facilities for more than a month before being deported separately to El Salvador, where they reunited.
Every year, Tiki enthusiasts and collectors take over Palm Springs’ Caliente Tropics Resort for the weekend to immerse themselves in an sensory-driven, escapist world that celebrates the music, art, clothing and cocktails of Tiki culture.
Photograph by Jennifer Emerling, National Geographic
On their first day in Jerusalem, Yael, Gabriel, and Netanel Zeitoun explore the rooftop of their new apartment building.
Bhagavan “Doc” Antle (far right) poses with his staff (left to right), Kody Antle, Moksha Bybee, and China York, in a pool used in his tiger show at Myrtle Beach Safari in South Carolina. Young cubs are a big part of the business; packages for playing and having photos taken with them run from $339 (£262) to $689 (£533) a person. At about 12 weeks old, cubs are considered too big and dangerous for tourists to pet.
Photograph by Steve Winter
Laurance Doyle of Principia College and the SETI Institute communes with some “extraterrestrial” intelligence at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom in Vallejo, California. Doyle’s studies of the communication systems of dolphins and whales could help scientists decode patterns in alien languages.
Using old but still reliable technology, Russia launches a Soyuz rocket in March from its Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. These rockets are currently the only operational pathway for sending people into space.
In a fire treatment session in Chengdu, an alcohol-soaked cloth is draped over a patient and set alight to warm the skin and open the pores; an herb-infused oil is then applied. The therapy aims to treat joint pain and other ailments, but research has yet to prove such claims.
Photograph by Fritz Hoffmann
At a clinic in Beckley, West Virginia, Jeff Hendricks receives acupuncture and a plant-burning technique called moxibustion to ease pain related to four years of military service. He suffers from a brain injury, bulging disks in his neck, bone spurs, headaches, numbness in his hands, and PTSD. The Veterans Administration-approved treatment reduces the need for conventional drugs.
Photograph by Fritz Hoffmann
At China's Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine hospital, twin sisters Zheng Yue and Zheng Hao wear medicinal patches that contain a formula of herbal medicine used as a seasonal treatment to expel heat from the body during summer.
Photograph by Fritz Hoffmann
This book is a romance novel, but National Liberation Front (ELN) Comandante Yesenia also reads aloud to her river outpost compatriots from works of ideology and ELN history. At 36, she has spent more than half her life as a guerrilla fighter in Colombia; her two children live with civilian relatives.
Photograph by Lynsey Addario
In South Sudan, Rose Asha Sillah, shown with her daughter, helped start a timber company that grew into a 35-employee operation. In Bidibidi, she launched a women’s center that teaches skills such as embroidery and farming to about 400 women. Without financial institutions, even innovative entrepreneurs struggle, but Sillah thinks it’s worth it. “Will we spend 10 years crying for South Sudan?” she asks. “We need to look forward.”
Photograph by Nora Lorek
Robert Waldron (left), 79, with his husband, Vernon May, 79, was interviewed for a story about the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall uprising: “The LGBT community has come a very, very long way.“
Photograph by Robin Hammond
"Fourteen-year-old twins Sidra (at left) and Shahed remember the barrel bombs in Aleppo that forced them from their home in 2013. "We were happy to leave the bombs and the warplanes," Sidra says. The sisters enrolled in Arabic-language schools in Gaziantep and are now in Turkish schools. "From the moment we were displaced, I was determined that my children would not stop school, says their father, Mahmoud.
The majority of Bidibidi’s residents are children, many of whom also work to help their families. In a small shop near his home in Zone 5, 13-year-old Steven Ladu sells candy.
Photograph by Nora Lorek
Susan Meneno holds her year-old daughter in front of her family’s sunflower field in Uganda's Bidibidi refugee camp. No one in her family has a job, but some earn money harvesting crops, and she dreams of opening a clothesmaking business.
Photograph by Nora Lorek
Lavender (Lavandula spp.) has long been used to perfume homes, food, and drinks. It offers a feeling of warmth, a sort of aromatic welcoming. Up close, it is something else entirely, a desert scene complete with spiny, cactus-like hairs meant to keep herbivores away and hold water in.
Former gang members hang from their hammocks inside the San Francisco Gotera prison in Morazán department.
Starting at 5 a.m., migrants line up at the border in Guatemala waiting for officials to let them cross into Mexico. When it appeared they wouldn’t legally be let in, hundreds of people walked across a shallow section of the river into Mexico.
Photograph by Moises Saman
Hundreds of Central American migrants cool down, bathe, and clean their clothes in the Novillero river in the town of San Pedro Tapanatepec, in Oaxaca, Mexico. The migrants stayed in San Pedro for two nights before resuming their way north toward the U.S. border.
Photograph by Moises Saman
A convoy of pickups packed with Nigeriens and other Africans begins a three-day trek from Agadez, Niger, through the Sahara to Libya. Many migrants intend to work there; others hope to reach Europe.
Photograph by Pascal Maitre
Ulaanbaatar has grown rapidly and in an unplanned way in recent years, as nomadic herders have left the countryside and settled on the city's outskirts, in districts such as Dari Ekh. Living in gers or simple houses, they use coal stoves for both heating and cooking.
Leonardo’s “Mona Lisa” is believed to depict Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, a Florentine silk merchant. Every year, millions of visitors jostle for a view at the Louvre Museum in Paris. The painting, protected by a thick layer of glass that must be cleaned regularly, has never been restored.
Photograph by Paolo Woods and Gabriele Galimberti

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